Monday, May 25, 2020
Introduction In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s American society much of the issues incurred are centered on racism or racial discrimination encompassing crime and the criminal justice system. A vast majority of the issues in the criminal justice system relate to race, ethnicity, or economic class and captures actions by legislators, the policies of the police, and the practices of the courts. In 2009 alone, African American males accounted for 6.7 times more incarceration rates than whites in both state and federal penitentiaries, largely due to the U.S. drug laws. In 2010, legislators of the State of Arizona required the local police to verify the immigration status of anyone based on mere suspicion, which leads to ethnic profiling of Hispanics and lawsuits for the lawsÃ¢â¬â¢ constitutionality. The notion that the police conduct traffic stops and racially profile based on skin color and not the law being broken, as well as the statistics of prosecutors offering better plea deals based on class, o r Judges sentencing people of color more harshly, all yield a feeling of injustice for minorities and a fear of crime for whites (Walker, Spohn, Delone, 2012). The American society has tremendously grown in terms of being multiracial and multiethnic according to the 2008 census, which found that 65.4% of Americans identified as white, 12.1% as Black or African-American, 1% Native American, with 0.3% as Asian or Pacific Islander, and 2.5% identifying with Hispanic ethnicity. Recent data concluded thatShow MoreRelatedRacism And The Criminal Justice System1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWith so many news stories and incidents surrounding the topic of race and the police these days, it is not surprising for people to come to the conclusion that racism may exist within the criminal justice system. We will be taking a deeper look into the problem to find out what other possible determinants may play a role in deciding how an officer makes an arrest or stop and continue to analyze what is happ ening in those contexts. The issues surrounding the topic of race is like the two faces ofRead MoreRacism : The Criminal Justice System1040 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBagley PLS 213 American Federal Government-Online 25th November 2015 Racism in Our Criminal Justice System There are many different types of unlawful racism in the criminal justice system. It goes from back in the early part of our great nationÃ¢â¬â¢s birth to the killing of Martin Luther King Jr. to Ferguson, Missouri. The path that racism takes is from old timeÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. The way to clear up racism in our criminal justice system is simple and easy. Americans need to fully understand the idea ofRead MoreRacism in the Criminal Justice System Essay1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIs the Criminal Justice system racist? This question has been asked many times by people of many colors. According to Mac Donald (2008), the criminal justice system is not at all racist. The article depicts arrest rates of both whites and blacks and compares statistics on these arrests. It looks at the number of whites and the number of blacks in jails and prisons. In this critique, we will be looking into this article to see these points in which Mac Donald states proves that the criminal justiceRead M oreRacism And The American Criminal Justice System1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesover-represented in the criminal justice system, but under-represented politically in the United States of America. Since well before its inception in 1776, the United States of America has been a nation characterized by white supremacy. In fact, modern day America may not exist if not for the taking of land from the Indigenous Peoples on this very premise. Today, many Americans believe they live in a post-racial nation, citing the abolition of slavery in the 1860s. While racism has certainly beenRead MoreRacism in the Criminal Justice System Essay1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAfrican Americans suffer from economic, psychological, political and social exploitation at the hands of powerful Whites in this country. As a result of this exploitation, Black people usually are put into situations where the commission of a criminal act is often seen as the most effective resolution to their problems. Most Caucasia ns, however, will probably never understand the predicament in which most Black find themselves. Stolen from our homeland and then forced to work under the most miserableRead More Racism in the Criminal Justice System Essay6900 Words Ã |Ã 28 PagesRacism in police treatment of minorities has created great disparities in incarceration amongst the races. Blatant cases of racist law enforcement that are covered in theÃ news are a testament to the fact that racism within police departments exists from coast to coast. However, these are only the cases that people find out about; there are countless other cases of police racism and brutality that are not reported. A series of reports that have been published in the last few years have shown thatRead MoreRacism And The Criminal Justice System2409 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIs there segregation and unfairness in the criminal justice system? When we as people watch the news or read our newspapers, we can see that most of the criminals committing crimes are usually of African American or Hispanic descent. Society today even depicts people of color as criminals in all novels and comic books while white characters play the victim. It may seem as if the media only focuses on the crimes and pettiness involved with black people. What are included for Blacks to be more requiredRead MoreRacism And The United States Criminal Justice System Essay2200 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThere is a very evident problem with racism in the United States Criminal Justice System. Society chooses to ignore this problem because many do not think they are a part of it. What they do not understand is they are a part of society, therefore a part of the problem. Even if a particular person is not doing anything to cause this problem directly, they are not helping the situation either. Society has to become aware of this issue and stop pretending as though it is something that will go awayRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System Has Served As A Focal Point Of Much Of Societal Racism993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PageswhiteÃ¢â¬ (Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)). These studies propose that while criminal behavior cuts across race and class lines, the common response to these behaviors may significantly influence the course of a potential criminal career. Decisions concerning the most effective balance of responses by law enforcement, social services, and community intervention are critical in determining many of these outcomes. Bias within the criminal justice Historically, the criminal justice system has served asRead MoreDisparity and Discrimination Essay790 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany different situations occur within the criminal justice system. The situations that will be discussed in this essay are Pseudospeciation, bigotry vs. racism, hegemony, social construction, and disparity vs. discrimination. There will be definition on these terms. After defining the all terms, I will apply these terms to the criminal justice system using examples to illustrate the understanding of the definitions. Pseudospeciation Pseudospeciation begins with the fact that cultural differences
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The benefits of joiningÃ a fraternity or sorority are many, and its important to realize that Greek life in college has a lot of impressive things to offer. Its also important, however, to realize that there might be some challenges. So just what do you need to be aware of before officially pledging? You Might Be Stereotyped by Peers Even if you had a great impression of fraternities and sororities before you came to college Ã¢â¬â and an even better one once you learned about all the great initiatives your schools Greek organizations do Ã¢â¬â not all students share the same perception. Ignorant or well-informed, your fellow students might stereotype you once they know you belong to a certain Greek house. And while there might not be much you can do about that, its important to at least keep in mind. You Might Be Stereotyped by Faculty You might be having an amazing, life-changing experience as a member of your fraternity or sorority. But your professors Ã¢â¬â who were, after all, college students themselves once Ã¢â¬â might not have had as great of an experience during their own undergraduate years. Or they could have had problems in the past with students from your particular organization. While you are your own person and should be judged accordingly, just be aware of the perceptions some faculty members might have about how you spend your time outside of class. You Might Be Stereotyped by Future Employers While your Greek organization might be dedicated to, say, the study of biology or to social justice, an employer might not realize that while quickly skimming resumes. And while belonging to a fraternity or sorority with a large network can be an incredible asset, there might also be some challenges along the way. Being Active Can Be a Major Time Commitment Does this necessarily have to be a drawback to membership in your house? Of course not. But it is something to be aware of in advance, especially if you struggle with time management or you know that your time is going to be extremely limited during your college years. Joining Can Be Expensive While there often are scholarships available to students who need them to remain members of their Greek community, theres no guarantee those scholarships are going to come through. If finances are tight, make sure you are aware of what financial obligations youll have to your house. Ask about joining fees, dues, and other expenses Ã¢â¬â such as helping fund an annual event Ã¢â¬â that youll be responsible for. There Can Be Strong Personality Conflicts This, of course, is inevitable whenever youre involved with a group of people. And youll undoubtedly encounter personality conflicts in everything from your Chemistry study group to your rugby teammates. Keep in mind, however, that personality conflicts in a fraternity or sorority can get especially tense, given that people spend so much time together and often live in a shared space for several years in a row. You May Sometimes Feel Stuck in Routine and Commitments This years Halloween party might seem like the most amazing thing ever. But after working on it for months in advance, three years in a row, the Halloween party during your senior year might lose some of its Ã¢â¬â¹luster. There can be ways to branch out and try new things within your fraternity or sorority, and a good one will encourage you to do so. Just be aware of what it will mean to pledge the rest of your college experience to one particular group.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
This essay will discuss and show how Thomas JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of revolution follows the speculation of government from the philosopher John Locke. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll additionally discuss Thomas HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of government. Both John Locke and JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s theories contributed to the American Revolution and to the Declaration of Independence. Thomas JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of revolution found within the Declaration of Independence follows John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of government in multiple aspects, as well as in both the description of freedom of opportunity. Thomas Jefferson speaks regarding the explanations for the first American colonies separation from England in his theory of revolution, we are able to see how similar it is to John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of government, with the precise issue of the law of nature and manÃ¢â¬â¢s reasons to separate. Treatise of government written by John Locke, discusses the law of nature being observed and the way all people are equal in terms of being born having natural rights. Both John Locke and Thomas Jefferson wrote throughout their times of revolution and were the voice of individuals who wished to have freedom, however were unsure on the way to attain or what they might do if freedom was achieved. The societies that they lived with having an oppressive government that was being met with resistance from several of the people who were now not afraid to challenge the authority of their time. Despite the fact that the writing of Jefferson and John Locke were inShow MoreRelatedThe Work Of John Locke1395 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespeople s in the form of a government. The government is, therefore, portrayed, in this case, as an external power belonging to the people, by the people and for the people. These contrasting theories have generated heated arguments on which of them is analytically correct. This paper provides an analysis of the work of John Locke with regard to explaining why individuals submit t hemselves to external power to form a society. Also, the paper provides defensive evidence explaining why Locke s work isRead MoreThomas Hobbes And John Locke1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesContracts Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two English political philosophers, who have had a lasting impact on modern political science. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both spent much of their lives attempting to identify the best form of government. Locke and Hobbes were among the most prominent of theorists when it came to social contract and human rights. A Social Contract is an agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, are the two basic figuresRead MoreThe Enlightenment Theory Of John Locke1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Enlightenment theory philosophies of John Locke offered a future that could drastically change government, economic and social ideals. Thomas Jefferson borrowed liberally from the enlightenment theory from John Locke, specifically focusing on Locks theories of the equality of men, natural rights, and that people should have a say on how the government treated people. Jefferson created a draft document created a bold experiment, America. The enlightenment philosophy of John Locke theorized that thatRead MoreJohn Locke And Thomas Hobbes1287 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesclassified as a government. In order to run a proper political system, one must know how to balance and consider the nature of humankind and their rights. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were both political philosophers who developed theories about how the government should work. They set up their theories around The Natural Law and the Social Contract Theory. Although John Locke and Thomas Hobbes had a similar goal, their beliefs and opinions were definitely not the same. John Locke and Thomas HobbesRead MoreThe Enlightenment By Thomas Paine And John Locke1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand science. Enlightenment thinkers who emulate these spreading of ideas include Thomas Paine and John Locke. Thomas Paine constructed The Age of Reason challenging traditional religion and validity of the Bible, while John Locke established The Second Treatises of Government which explained the need for a more civilized society with natural rights. Influences from enlightenment thinkers like Locke and Paine, are what shaped individuals attitudes about politics and religion within their societyRead More Locke and Publius: Comparing Their Views on Civil Government1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdebates, theories and agendas set forward as to what the best form of government is. Many of those individuals and groups who have written on the topic have their critics because they offer points that are highly controversial in theory and problematic when put into practice. John Locke and Publius, which is the collective name for Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay, both published essays with regards to the nature of government and largely championed the notion of democracy. With Locke writingRead MoreJohn Locke s Theory Of Religious Tolerance884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJohn Locke, a 17th century English philosopher is remembered for his great contributions to three issues that was important during his time and still concerns us toda y. The three topics Locke covered during his lifetime was how to handle people with different religion, determining who should rule, and how to educate our children. Locke developed theories from the three topics because they played a central role in his life. Religion politics and education influence Locke s writing and because ofRead MoreEssay On John Locke And Thomas Hobbes1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages John Locke and Thomas Hobbes John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, two English Enlightenment philosophers, were both very influential politically and philosophically despite having almost opposite beliefs. While each individually influenced later documents and events such as the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution, they had an equally big impact in history. Today, everyone recognizes natural rights and the modern system of government uses social contracts every day. Thomas HobbesRead MoreNasty, Brutish, And Short By Thomas Hobbes Essay1198 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Nasty, brutish, and shortÃ¢â¬ . Thomas Hobbes s famously poetic description of pre-political life that is invariably repeated in just about every political science program throughout the Western world. It is a phrase that motivates a strikingly persuasive argument for the solution of government. For Hobbes, this is the State of Nature, and thus the precursory basis for human politics. However, his pessimistic view of the State of Nature has been refuted by other men of great intellectual influenceRead MoreThe Social Contract Theories Of Thomas Hobbes And John Locke1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMahogany Mills Professor: Dr. Arnold Political Philosophy 4 February 2015 Compare and contrast the social contract theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke In the beginning of time, there was no government to regulate man. This caused a burden on society and these hardships had to be conquered, which is when a social contract was developed. The social contract theory is a model that addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over an individual
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe the impact of travellers behaviour and personality on his choice of a travel destination. Answer: Introduction To choose a travel destination is not a simple task but involves analysis and careful study of different aspects related to tourism and hospitality. It is a major verdict for most of the people and the decision varies based on the type of destination, costs applicable, duration, travelling time, activities, accommodation options, etc. Ones decision-making process is constituted of sequential steps that one has to pass through while deciding on a holiday destination (Mattila, 2004). Generally, people choose the place which is favourable for all the factors, but sometimes the final decision varies from the one that was the taken at the time of considering all factors. The decision change happens due to change in ones behaviour or personality traits. The marketer who is offering a tourism destination to his clients needs to assess the consumer behaviour, personality traits and the demographics of the traveller to take a successful decision (Pearce, 2016). In this report, we will analyse the factors leading to ones decision regarding a travel destination based on ones personality and demographics. Analysis of consumer behaviour based on personality theories Personality and self-image are the wide concepts that affect ones decisions. Personality is the name given to ones psychological characteristics that make an impact on ones choices and responses to a particular situation. (Fatma, Rahman, Khan, 2016) Most of these decisions generally remain invariable and importunate to the environmental situations. Self-image or Self-concept theory is analysed to know about consumers behaviour while deciding on to a travel destination (Mattila, 2005). This is a complex picture of our own mind that we create ourselves and tend to behave consistently as per that. A matrix has been designed to study the results of a survey done. Every respondent has given a score based on his or her evaluation criteria for all the questions asked. The matrix has been prepared for three respondents based on compensatory decision rule to check the effect of different personality traits on decision making and reasons for the change in evaluative criteria (Geddie, 2001). Respondent 1 Respondent 4 Respondent 5 Compensatory decision rule calculation = Sum of ((Evaluation Score / 100) * rating given option against each of the evaluative criteria) Respondent 1 Score Matrix Holiday Option Rating Holiday option based on compensatory decision rule Option 4 Is this the destination actually chosen? No, Option 2 Explanation in change in decision Based on consumer behaviour and personality, the respondent finally decided on different option then was planned earlier based on self-image. Respondents behavioural aspects: He is a teenager and is a student He is extrovert and moody sometimes but like having new experiences in his life. Being the only earner in family and bachelor, he is more concerned about tour costs. As he is highly affiliated but not very careful while deciding holiday destinations, so he has chosen Option 2 instead of option 4 that suited his personality the most. Respondent 4 Score Matrix Holiday Option Rating Holiday option based on compensatory decision rule Option 4 Is this the destination actually chosen? No, Option 3 Explanation in change in decision Based on consumer behaviour and personality, the respondent finally decided on different option then was planned earlier based on self-image. Her behaviour Pattern: She is a young bachelor. She is extrovert and moody by nature and love to experience new things in life She is not very careful but likes uniqueness in the tour plans Her income and behavioural traits support option 4 but she decided on option 3 considering new experience and uniqueness. Respondent 5 Score Matrix Holiday Option Rating Holiday option based on compensatory decision rule Option 3 Is this the destination actually chosen? Yes, Option 3 Explanation in change in decision She has made a decision as per the compensatory decision rule. She is matured and sole earner in the family. She is very careful while making decisions so no changes in the actual decision. Among the respondents chosen to study the effects of personality on ones behaviour and decision making, Respondent 1 and Respondent 4 have resulted in the difference between their holiday destination choice and ranking of evaluative criteria however Respondent 5 has chosen the same destination as per ranking. The reason behind these changes is their self-image and personality (Rutherford, 2000). Respondent 1 is a young student who is a sufficient salary earner. He enjoys being involved in new experiences and activities. He is not bothered about the luxury stay. Thus, he has chosen option 2 (Las Vegas) as a travel destination to meet his expectation (Brunt, 2001). Respondent 4 is young bachelor and love to have new experiences. She is an extrovert and likes uniqueness in her tour plans so she has chosen option 3 (New Zealand) as a destination for next tour which will offer quite a uniqueness of cruise stay and maximum cities coverage. Respondent 5 is a mature lady earning a good income. She is more comfortable travelling to a place which offers clean and calm surroundings with less physical activities involved. So, she has chosen option 3 (New Zealand cruise) to take rest during vacation. Analysis of Behaviour based on demographics Plethora of destinations is available all around the world to visit offering to vide variety of products and services. The demographics such as age, gender, income, family responsibility, personality, etc affect the choice of travel destinations. People with different demographic groups prefer different destinations to satisfy their travel requirements. Age It is one of the major factors that affect the choice of travel destinations. The experiences and choices vary as per diverse age groups. Teenagers and youngsters generally prefer new experiences, activities and adventure games whereas elderly people prefer to have a destination offering calm surroundings and luxury stay options (Volo, 2006). Taking an example of our sample respondents, we can conclude that respondent 1 and 4 who are of age group 18-26 prefer new experiences and uniqueness in the tour whereas respondent 5 chose a destination with slow pace tour (Wang, Law, Hung, Guillet, 2014). Gender This component of demographic groups also mildly affect the choice of destination. Male travellers choose destinations based on the costs involved whereas females prefer to include more activities within specified price range. Income Ones economic condition has a significant effect on ones decision regarding travel destination. People prefer the products and services that match their income group. Recommendations Consumer behaviour analysis is a difficult task that involves the study of many factors. People prefer to examine many internal and external factors while deciding for a holiday destination. An individual learns by his deeds and it ultimately causes a change in his behaviour patterns by making an influence on understanding. Ones decisions are based on his learning (Wang, Law, Hung, Guillet, 2014). If a tourist has to decide on a destination for vacation, he learns about various factors like accommodation kind, travelling mode, new experiences, activities, cost involved and majorly the reason of travel. Conclusion In this paper, we have studied the impact of travellers behaviour and personality on his choice of a travel destination. Different people with unique personality patterns prefer to choose different destinations. Other than this, demographic factors also affect the travellers destination choice. As a marketer, one should analyse and consider all the factors to make his travel plan a success. References Brunt, P. (2001). Consumer behaviour in tourism.Tourism Management,22(5), 579-580. Fatma, M., Rahman, Z., Khan, I. (2016). Measuring consumer perception of CSR in tourism industry: Scale development and validation.Journal Of Hospitality And Tourism Management,27, 39-48. Geddie, M. (2001). Consumer Behavior in Travel and Tourism.International Journal Of Hospitality Management,20(2), 229-230 Mattila, A. (2004). Consumer behavior research in hospitality and tourism journals.International Journal Of Hospitality Management,23(5), 449-457. Mattila, A. (2005). Corrigendum to Consumer behavior research in hospitality and tourism journals [International Journal of Hospitality Management 23 (2004) 449457].International Journal Of Hospitality Management,24(1), 151. Pearce, P. (2016). Australian contributions to tourist behaviour studies.Journal Of Hospitality And Tourism Management,26, 84-90. Rutherford, D. (2000). Trade Dress and Consumer Perception of Product Similarity.Journal Of Hospitality Tourism Research,24(2), 163-179. Thorn, K. (2003). Consumer psychology of tourism, hospitality and leisure (volume 2).Tourism Management,24(3), 348-349. Volo, S. (2006). A Consumer-Based Measurement of Tourism Innovation.Journal Of Quality Assurance In Hospitality Tourism,6(3-4), 73-87. Wang, L., Law, R., Hung, K., Guillet, B. (2014). Consumer trust in tourism and hospitality: A review of the literature.Journal Of Hospitality And Tourism Management,21, 1-9.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Effects of the Zoroastrianism Afterlife Scheme on their Ethical Teachings Paper For believers of Zoroastrianism, where a soul goes in the afterlife is determined by a balance between good and bad deeds.Ã The good deeds of a person have to outweigh his bad deeds for him/her to be able to enjoy Ã¢â¬ËheavenÃ¢â¬â¢ in the afterlife.Ã For those whose deeds weight out equally, there is some kind of purgatory or mid-level where they are sent, considering that in Zoroastrianism, there are various levels in hell.Ã Bad deeds can be cleansed by way of confession or by the transfer of supererogatory merits; hence, leeway is left for human weakness. Based on this concept of the afterlife, it would be safe to say that Zoroastrianism teachings focus on people having to collect more good deeds than bad deeds while they are still alive.Ã As is with other religions, believers of Zoroastrianism, focus their energies on committing good deeds.Ã There is a catch to this, however, that may affect how believers live their life.Ã There is a very real possibility that believers would still commit bad deeds with the confidence that if they commit enough good deeds, their bad deeds would still be outweighed.Ã Their teachings of dualism, where there is a fight between good and evil, and where the triumph of good is always assured, adds to this concept of balancing between good and bad.Ã In other words, no matter how many bad deeds you commit, you can still enter heaven as long as you commit enough good deeds to gain entrance.Ã There is one thing of note in this particular concept though, who counts how many good or bad deeds o ne has committed?Ã Is there any way of knowing if your good deeds have already outweighed your bad deeds?Ã Despite the focus of Zoroastrianism teachings on the collection of good deeds, there is no disputing the possibility We will write a custom essay sample on Effects of the Zoroastrianism Afterlife Scheme on their Ethical Teachings specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Effects of the Zoroastrianism Afterlife Scheme on their Ethical Teachings specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Effects of the Zoroastrianism Afterlife Scheme on their Ethical Teachings specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Effects of theÃ Ã Ã Ã 3 that people will tend to manipulate and abuse this religionÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of the afterlife.Ã Zoroastrians focus on self-regulation in their teachings, and human as we are, there is always that possibility of going beyond these teachings or using these teachings as a scapegoat as most Christians do nowadays. Effects of theÃ Ã Ã Ã 4 References Zoroastrianism Religion Facts. 20 Feb. 2009 http://www.religionfacts.com/zoroastrianism/index.htm.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Trench Warfare Essays - Trench Warfare, Military Science Trench Warfare World War I was a military conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918. It was a modern war with airplanes, machine guns, and tanks. However, the commanders often fought World War I as if it were a 19th Century war. They would march their troops across open land into the face of machine guns and often slaughter. As a result of this action, a tactic known as trench warfare was implemented. The most recent use of use of trench warfare, before World War I, took place during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). This war attracted worldwide attention among military authorities that were interested in studying the latest technology used in war. Many viewed trench warfare to be an effective tactic against enemy advancement. Because of this view, trench warfare proved to be, in World War I, an ineffective and traumatizing experience for all. In September 1914, the German commander, General Erich von Falkenhayn ordered his troops to dig trenched that would provide protection from the allied troops. When the allies reached the trench, they soon realized that they could not break through the line that the trench provided. They also realized that the trench provided the Germans with shelter from their fire. Soon after, the allies began to dig their own trenches and, therefore, trench warfare began. Not very long, after the first trenches of the war were dug, a network of trenches arose. This network spread across France and Belgium for many miles. Within the network, there were three different types of trenches: front line trenches, support trenches, and reserve trenches. The first line of trenches was called front line trenches. These were usually two meters deep and had a zigzag pattern to prevent enemy fire from sweeping the entire length of the trench. In order to prevent the trench form caving in, sandbags were stacked against the trench walls. Between the trenches of opposing forces laid no man's land. This area between the opposing front line trenches was filled with barbwire and mines to prevent enemy crossing. If a soldier was ever injured in no man's land, he usually was killed because of his vulnerability to enemy fire. The second and third types of trenches were the support and reserve trenches, respectively. These trenches were constructed to easily move supplies and troops to the front trenches. All of the trenches were linked to each other by other trenches, underground tunnels, or telephone communications networks. Barbwire was also stretched across the line to protect from enemy attack. While the design of the trenches and the network of trenches seemed like a great tactic, the reality of the life in the trenches was a different story. Life in the trenches took its toll on the soldiers involved in the war. The soldiers in the front line trenches often stayed there for at least 10 days at a time, usually with very little sleep. Katczinsky is right when he says it would not be such a bad war if only one could get more sleep. In the line we have next to none, and fourteen days is a long time at one stretch(p.2). The main reason that soldiers on the front line could not sleep was to be on guard against enemy sneak attacks. Another reason that the soldiers were very tired is that night was used as a time for preparation and maintenance of the trenches. The trenches were constantly being destroyed, either by enemy shellfire, or water damage. Many times, soldiers would be buried alive by the collapsing trench walls. Paul, in All Quiet on the Western Front, states Our trench is almost gone. At many places, it is only eighteen inches high, it is broken by holes, and craters, and mountains of earth.(p.107). Along with very little sleep and the destruction of trenches, soldiers also had to worry about contracting trench foot. Trench foot is an infection of the feet caused by wet and insanitary conditions. Soldiers stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. This caused their feet to gradually go numb and their skin to turn red or blue. If these conditions went untreated, they would turn gangrenous and result in amputation. Another major concern for
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Explaining Letter - Assignment Example I have taken your complaint into consideration and treated it as a top priority because you are one of our most valued customers. Regards packing and shipping, I would like to just brief you, that every painting that leaves Manhattan Galleries is carefully wrapped with two layers of convoluted foam and one layer of Perf-Pack foam in order to avoid any damage to the painting. The shippers of our products are explicitly instructed that the pictures should be shipped in vertical position and not horizontally, in order to absorb any shocks and bumps along the way that may tend to damage the shipment. But even so, I would like to reassure you once again, that it becomes the sole responsibility of Manhattan Galleries to see that the painting was delivered to you in perfect condition. However, the best we could do in this respect is to request you to kindly take the painting to your local framing Ã¢â¬â shop and get the canvas re-stretched to fit the frame perfectly. The assurance we could give you is that Manhattan Galleries would bear the entire cost as we do not want to leave you a dissatisfied customer at any cost because we really appreciate you being one of our best customers and intend associating with you in our business even in the future. Thank you so much for letting us know about the condition, which in turn made it possible for us to render good customers like you our committed service. I happened to go through the letter you wrote to the customer who had complained of a sagging canvas and thought that it could do with a few changes. Kindly make the necessary changes to your original letter before posting it to the customer.